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3.2 Repentance and Baptism

Purpose: When we understand God’s grace, the response of faith is to repent and be baptized for the forgiveness of sins (Acts 2:36-38). This study is designed to show you what biblical repentance entails and the meaning of baptism into Christ. (And additional study of baptism is here: Baptism: Additional Study).

  • Acts 2:36-38 – Why is this such an important passage? What two responses did Peter call for? We need to look at both repentance and baptism.
  • Luke 13:1-5, 6-9.  Jesus preaches that without repentance, we will all perish. He likewise expects to find fruit every time there is true repentance. The Greek word for repentance, metanoia, signifies a “turning,” a “change of heart and mind.” In this case, we turn from a life where self has been at the center to a life that makes God the center of our devotion, our faith, our obedience. Remember the world’s wisdom and God’s wisdom. (Other: Rom. 12:1-2)
  • Luke 3:7-14.  The tangible fruit of repentance is the evidence of a changed mindset. John the Baptist insisted on repentance before baptism. If you were to ask John, “What should I do?” how would he respond to you?
  • 2 Corinthians 7:8-11.  What is the difference between “worldly sorrow” and “godly sorrow?” What kinds of attitudes characterize godly sorrow? Why does it lead to repentance? What would you say your attitude right now is toward your sin?  What will godly sorrow mean in your life?
  • Ephesians 4:20-24. Repentance is turning from an old life to a new one. What must be “taken off”? What is to be “put on” in place of the “old self”? What do you need to “take off” and “put on”? Acts 3:19-20. What will be the result of repentance? How will it be refreshing?
  • Acts 2:38-40; 8:34-39; 16:29-34, 22:12-16.  What is happening in all these events? People are putting their faith in Jesus and his salvation. In each passage: [1] What was preached? [2] What was the person’s (people’s) response to the message? [3] How long did the person (people) take to make the decision? [4] What was their response after baptism?
  • Romans 6:1-4.  What happens when we baptized with wholehearted faith? We are united with Jesus in his death, burial, and resurrection.

The benefits of salvation made available at the cross become real for us when we participate in his death, burial and resurrection. Through baptism, we die to sin and are raised to a new life.

  • Galatians 3:26-29.  We are baptized “into Christ.” Note that Paul did not consider faith and baptism to be contradictory. Baptism is a tangible expression of faith that places us “in Christ” where salvation occurs.
  • Ephesians 1:3-10.  An important New Testament teaching: every spiritual blessing from God is found “in Christ.” What are some of those blessings listed here? (Sonship, adoption, grace, redemption, forgiveness…) So how does a person enter “into Christ” according to Romans 6 and Galatians 3?

Concluding questions: Do you want to get baptized? When?

Go to: Bible Studies Outline

Go to the next study: 4.1 Lordship and Discipleship

 

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